VirtualBox

source: vbox/trunk/src/VBox/Disassembler/DisasmFormatYasm.cpp@ 103068

Last change on this file since 103068 was 101546, checked in by vboxsync, 9 months ago

DIS: Added DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_WIDTH_MASK/SHIFT/MAKE and DIS_FMT_FLAGS_C_HEX flags. bugref:10371

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1/* $Id: DisasmFormatYasm.cpp 101546 2023-10-23 00:50:04Z vboxsync $ */
2/** @file
3 * VBox Disassembler - Yasm(/Nasm) Style Formatter.
4 */
5
6/*
7 * Copyright (C) 2008-2023 Oracle and/or its affiliates.
8 *
9 * This file is part of VirtualBox base platform packages, as
10 * available from https://www.virtualbox.org.
11 *
12 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
13 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
14 * as published by the Free Software Foundation, in version 3 of the
15 * License.
16 *
17 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
18 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
19 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
20 * General Public License for more details.
21 *
22 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
23 * along with this program; if not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses>.
24 *
25 * SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0-only
26 */
27
28
29/*********************************************************************************************************************************
30* Header Files *
31*********************************************************************************************************************************/
32#include <VBox/dis.h>
33#include "DisasmInternal.h"
34#include <iprt/assert.h>
35#include <iprt/ctype.h>
36#include <iprt/err.h>
37#include <iprt/string.h>
38
39
40/*********************************************************************************************************************************
41* Global Variables *
42*********************************************************************************************************************************/
43static const char g_szSpaces[] =
44" ";
45static const char g_aszYasmRegGen8[20][5] =
46{
47 "al\0\0", "cl\0\0", "dl\0\0", "bl\0\0", "ah\0\0", "ch\0\0", "dh\0\0", "bh\0\0", "r8b\0", "r9b\0", "r10b", "r11b", "r12b", "r13b", "r14b", "r15b", "spl\0", "bpl\0", "sil\0", "dil\0"
48};
49static const char g_aszYasmRegGen16[16][5] =
50{
51 "ax\0\0", "cx\0\0", "dx\0\0", "bx\0\0", "sp\0\0", "bp\0\0", "si\0\0", "di\0\0", "r8w\0", "r9w\0", "r10w", "r11w", "r12w", "r13w", "r14w", "r15w"
52};
53#if 0 /* unused */
54static const char g_aszYasmRegGen1616[8][6] =
55{
56 "bx+si", "bx+di", "bp+si", "bp+di", "si\0\0\0", "di\0\0\0", "bp\0\0\0", "bx\0\0\0"
57};
58#endif
59static const char g_aszYasmRegGen32[16][5] =
60{
61 "eax\0", "ecx\0", "edx\0", "ebx\0", "esp\0", "ebp\0", "esi\0", "edi\0", "r8d\0", "r9d\0", "r10d", "r11d", "r12d", "r13d", "r14d", "r15d"
62};
63static const char g_aszYasmRegGen64[16][4] =
64{
65 "rax", "rcx", "rdx", "rbx", "rsp", "rbp", "rsi", "rdi", "r8\0", "r9\0", "r10", "r11", "r12", "r13", "r14", "r15"
66};
67static const char g_aszYasmRegSeg[6][3] =
68{
69 "es", "cs", "ss", "ds", "fs", "gs"
70};
71static const char g_aszYasmRegFP[8][4] =
72{
73 "st0", "st1", "st2", "st3", "st4", "st5", "st6", "st7"
74};
75static const char g_aszYasmRegMMX[8][4] =
76{
77 "mm0", "mm1", "mm2", "mm3", "mm4", "mm5", "mm6", "mm7"
78};
79static const char g_aszYasmRegXMM[16][6] =
80{
81 "xmm0\0", "xmm1\0", "xmm2\0", "xmm3\0", "xmm4\0", "xmm5\0", "xmm6\0", "xmm7\0", "xmm8\0", "xmm9\0", "xmm10", "xmm11", "xmm12", "xmm13", "xmm14", "xmm15"
82};
83static const char g_aszYasmRegYMM[16][6] =
84{
85 "ymm0\0", "ymm1\0", "ymm2\0", "ymm3\0", "ymm4\0", "ymm5\0", "ymm6\0", "ymm7\0", "ymm8\0", "ymm9\0", "ymm10", "ymm11", "ymm12", "ymm13", "ymm14", "ymm15"
86};
87static const char g_aszYasmRegCRx[16][5] =
88{
89 "cr0\0", "cr1\0", "cr2\0", "cr3\0", "cr4\0", "cr5\0", "cr6\0", "cr7\0", "cr8\0", "cr9\0", "cr10", "cr11", "cr12", "cr13", "cr14", "cr15"
90};
91static const char g_aszYasmRegDRx[16][5] =
92{
93 "dr0\0", "dr1\0", "dr2\0", "dr3\0", "dr4\0", "dr5\0", "dr6\0", "dr7\0", "dr8\0", "dr9\0", "dr10", "dr11", "dr12", "dr13", "dr14", "dr15"
94};
95static const char g_aszYasmRegTRx[16][5] =
96{
97 "tr0\0", "tr1\0", "tr2\0", "tr3\0", "tr4\0", "tr5\0", "tr6\0", "tr7\0", "tr8\0", "tr9\0", "tr10", "tr11", "tr12", "tr13", "tr14", "tr15"
98};
99
100
101
102/**
103 * Gets the base register name for the given parameter.
104 *
105 * @returns Pointer to the register name.
106 * @param pDis The disassembler state.
107 * @param pParam The parameter.
108 * @param pcchReg Where to store the length of the name.
109 */
110static const char *disasmFormatYasmBaseReg(PCDISSTATE pDis, PCDISOPPARAM pParam, size_t *pcchReg)
111{
112 RT_NOREF_PV(pDis);
113
114 switch (pParam->fUse & ( DISUSE_REG_GEN8 | DISUSE_REG_GEN16 | DISUSE_REG_GEN32 | DISUSE_REG_GEN64
115 | DISUSE_REG_FP | DISUSE_REG_MMX | DISUSE_REG_XMM | DISUSE_REG_YMM
116 | DISUSE_REG_CR | DISUSE_REG_DBG | DISUSE_REG_SEG | DISUSE_REG_TEST))
117
118 {
119 case DISUSE_REG_GEN8:
120 {
121 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxGenReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegGen8));
122 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegGen8[pParam->x86.Base.idxGenReg];
123 *pcchReg = 2 + !!psz[2] + !!psz[3];
124 return psz;
125 }
126
127 case DISUSE_REG_GEN16:
128 {
129 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxGenReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegGen16));
130 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegGen16[pParam->x86.Base.idxGenReg];
131 *pcchReg = 2 + !!psz[2] + !!psz[3];
132 return psz;
133 }
134
135 // VSIB
136 case DISUSE_REG_XMM | DISUSE_REG_GEN32:
137 case DISUSE_REG_YMM | DISUSE_REG_GEN32:
138 case DISUSE_REG_GEN32:
139 {
140 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxGenReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegGen32));
141 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegGen32[pParam->x86.Base.idxGenReg];
142 *pcchReg = 2 + !!psz[2] + !!psz[3];
143 return psz;
144 }
145
146 // VSIB
147 case DISUSE_REG_XMM | DISUSE_REG_GEN64:
148 case DISUSE_REG_YMM | DISUSE_REG_GEN64:
149 case DISUSE_REG_GEN64:
150 {
151 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxGenReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegGen64));
152 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegGen64[pParam->x86.Base.idxGenReg];
153 *pcchReg = 2 + !!psz[2] + !!psz[3];
154 return psz;
155 }
156
157 case DISUSE_REG_FP:
158 {
159 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxFpuReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegFP));
160 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegFP[pParam->x86.Base.idxFpuReg];
161 *pcchReg = 3;
162 return psz;
163 }
164
165 case DISUSE_REG_MMX:
166 {
167 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxMmxReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegMMX));
168 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegMMX[pParam->x86.Base.idxMmxReg];
169 *pcchReg = 3;
170 return psz;
171 }
172
173 case DISUSE_REG_XMM:
174 {
175 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxXmmReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegXMM));
176 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegXMM[pParam->x86.Base.idxXmmReg];
177 *pcchReg = 4 + !!psz[4];
178 return psz;
179 }
180
181 case DISUSE_REG_YMM:
182 {
183 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxYmmReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegYMM));
184 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegYMM[pParam->x86.Base.idxYmmReg];
185 *pcchReg = 4 + !!psz[4];
186 return psz;
187 }
188
189 case DISUSE_REG_CR:
190 {
191 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxCtrlReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegCRx));
192 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegCRx[pParam->x86.Base.idxCtrlReg];
193 *pcchReg = 3;
194 return psz;
195 }
196
197 case DISUSE_REG_DBG:
198 {
199 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxDbgReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegDRx));
200 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegDRx[pParam->x86.Base.idxDbgReg];
201 *pcchReg = 3;
202 return psz;
203 }
204
205 case DISUSE_REG_SEG:
206 {
207 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxSegReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegCRx));
208 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegSeg[pParam->x86.Base.idxSegReg];
209 *pcchReg = 2;
210 return psz;
211 }
212
213 case DISUSE_REG_TEST:
214 {
215 Assert(pParam->x86.Base.idxTestReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegTRx));
216 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegTRx[pParam->x86.Base.idxTestReg];
217 *pcchReg = 3;
218 return psz;
219 }
220
221 default:
222 AssertMsgFailed(("%#x\n", pParam->fUse));
223 *pcchReg = 3;
224 return "r??";
225 }
226}
227
228
229/**
230 * Gets the index register name for the given parameter.
231 *
232 * @returns The index register name.
233 * @param pDis The disassembler state.
234 * @param pParam The parameter.
235 * @param pcchReg Where to store the length of the name.
236 */
237static const char *disasmFormatYasmIndexReg(PCDISSTATE pDis, PCDISOPPARAM pParam, size_t *pcchReg)
238{
239 if (pParam->fUse & DISUSE_REG_XMM)
240 {
241 Assert(pParam->x86.Index.idxXmmReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegXMM));
242 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegXMM[pParam->x86.Index.idxXmmReg];
243 *pcchReg = 4 + !!psz[4];
244 return psz;
245 }
246 else if (pParam->fUse & DISUSE_REG_YMM)
247 {
248 Assert(pParam->x86.Index.idxYmmReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegYMM));
249 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegYMM[pParam->x86.Index.idxYmmReg];
250 *pcchReg = 4 + !!psz[4];
251 return psz;
252
253 }
254 else
255 switch (pDis->x86.uAddrMode)
256 {
257 case DISCPUMODE_16BIT:
258 {
259 Assert(pParam->x86.Index.idxGenReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegGen16));
260 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegGen16[pParam->x86.Index.idxGenReg];
261 *pcchReg = 2 + !!psz[2] + !!psz[3];
262 return psz;
263 }
264
265 case DISCPUMODE_32BIT:
266 {
267 Assert(pParam->x86.Index.idxGenReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegGen32));
268 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegGen32[pParam->x86.Index.idxGenReg];
269 *pcchReg = 2 + !!psz[2] + !!psz[3];
270 return psz;
271 }
272
273 case DISCPUMODE_64BIT:
274 {
275 Assert(pParam->x86.Index.idxGenReg < RT_ELEMENTS(g_aszYasmRegGen64));
276 const char *psz = g_aszYasmRegGen64[pParam->x86.Index.idxGenReg];
277 *pcchReg = 2 + !!psz[2] + !!psz[3];
278 return psz;
279 }
280
281 default:
282 AssertMsgFailed(("%#x %#x\n", pParam->fUse, pDis->x86.uAddrMode));
283 *pcchReg = 3;
284 return "r??";
285 }
286}
287
288
289/**
290 * Formats the current instruction in Yasm (/ Nasm) style.
291 *
292 *
293 * @returns The number of output characters. If this is >= cchBuf, then the content
294 * of pszBuf will be truncated.
295 * @param pDis Pointer to the disassembler state.
296 * @param pszBuf The output buffer.
297 * @param cchBuf The size of the output buffer.
298 * @param fFlags Format flags, see DIS_FORMAT_FLAGS_*.
299 * @param pfnGetSymbol Get symbol name for a jmp or call target address. Optional.
300 * @param pvUser User argument for pfnGetSymbol.
301 */
302DISDECL(size_t) DISFormatYasmEx(PCDISSTATE pDis, char *pszBuf, size_t cchBuf, uint32_t fFlags,
303 PFNDISGETSYMBOL pfnGetSymbol, void *pvUser)
304{
305/** @todo monitor and mwait aren't formatted correctly in 64-bit mode. */
306 /*
307 * Input validation and massaging.
308 */
309 AssertPtr(pDis);
310 AssertPtrNull(pszBuf);
311 Assert(pszBuf || !cchBuf);
312 AssertPtrNull(pfnGetSymbol);
313 AssertMsg(DIS_FMT_FLAGS_IS_VALID(fFlags), ("%#x\n", fFlags));
314 if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_ADDR_COMMENT)
315 fFlags = (fFlags & ~DIS_FMT_FLAGS_ADDR_LEFT) | DIS_FMT_FLAGS_ADDR_RIGHT;
316 if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_COMMENT)
317 fFlags = (fFlags & ~DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_LEFT) | DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_RIGHT;
318
319 PCDISOPCODE const pOp = pDis->pCurInstr;
320
321 /*
322 * Output macros
323 */
324 char *pszDst = pszBuf;
325 size_t cchDst = cchBuf;
326 size_t cchOutput = 0;
327#define PUT_C(ch) \
328 do { \
329 cchOutput++; \
330 if (cchDst > 1) \
331 { \
332 cchDst--; \
333 *pszDst++ = (ch); \
334 } \
335 } while (0)
336#define PUT_STR(pszSrc, cchSrc) \
337 do { \
338 cchOutput += (cchSrc); \
339 if (cchDst > (cchSrc)) \
340 { \
341 memcpy(pszDst, (pszSrc), (cchSrc)); \
342 pszDst += (cchSrc); \
343 cchDst -= (cchSrc); \
344 } \
345 else if (cchDst > 1) \
346 { \
347 memcpy(pszDst, (pszSrc), cchDst - 1); \
348 pszDst += cchDst - 1; \
349 cchDst = 1; \
350 } \
351 } while (0)
352#define PUT_SZ(sz) \
353 PUT_STR((sz), sizeof(sz) - 1)
354#define PUT_SZ_STRICT(szStrict, szRelaxed) \
355 do { if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_STRICT) PUT_SZ(szStrict); else PUT_SZ(szRelaxed); } while (0)
356#define PUT_PSZ(psz) \
357 do { const size_t cchTmp = strlen(psz); PUT_STR((psz), cchTmp); } while (0)
358#define PUT_NUM(cch, fmt, num) \
359 do { \
360 cchOutput += (cch); \
361 if (cchDst > 1) \
362 { \
363 const size_t cchTmp = RTStrPrintf(pszDst, cchDst, fmt, (num)); \
364 pszDst += cchTmp; \
365 cchDst -= cchTmp; \
366 Assert(cchTmp == (cch) || cchDst == 1); \
367 } \
368 } while (0)
369#define PUT_NUM_8(num) PUT_NUM(4, !(fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_C_HEX) ? "0%02xh" : "%#04x", (uint8_t)(num))
370#define PUT_NUM_16(num) PUT_NUM(6, !(fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_C_HEX) ? "0%04xh" : "%#06x", (uint16_t)(num))
371#define PUT_NUM_32(num) PUT_NUM(10, !(fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_C_HEX) ? "0%08xh" : "%#010x", (uint32_t)(num))
372#define PUT_NUM_64(num) PUT_NUM(18, !(fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_C_HEX) ? "0%016RX64h" : "%#018RX64", (uint64_t)(num))
373
374#define PUT_NUM_SIGN(cch, fmt, num, stype, utype) \
375 do { \
376 if ((stype)(num) >= 0) \
377 { \
378 PUT_C('+'); \
379 PUT_NUM(cch, fmt, (utype)(num)); \
380 } \
381 else \
382 { \
383 PUT_C('-'); \
384 PUT_NUM(cch, fmt, (utype)-(stype)(num)); \
385 } \
386 } while (0)
387#define PUT_NUM_S8(num) PUT_NUM_SIGN(4, !(fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_C_HEX) ? "0%02xh" : "%#04x", num, int8_t, uint8_t)
388#define PUT_NUM_S16(num) PUT_NUM_SIGN(6, !(fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_C_HEX) ? "0%04xh" : "%#06x", num, int16_t, uint16_t)
389#define PUT_NUM_S32(num) PUT_NUM_SIGN(10, !(fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_C_HEX) ? "0%08xh" : "%#010x", num, int32_t, uint32_t)
390#define PUT_NUM_S64(num) PUT_NUM_SIGN(18, !(fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_C_HEX) ? "0%016RX64h" : "%#018RX64", num, int64_t, uint64_t)
391
392#define PUT_SYMBOL_TWO(a_rcSym, a_szStart, a_chEnd) \
393 do { \
394 if (RT_SUCCESS(a_rcSym)) \
395 { \
396 PUT_SZ(a_szStart); \
397 PUT_PSZ(szSymbol); \
398 if (off != 0) \
399 { \
400 if ((int8_t)off == off) \
401 PUT_NUM_S8(off); \
402 else if ((int16_t)off == off) \
403 PUT_NUM_S16(off); \
404 else if ((int32_t)off == off) \
405 PUT_NUM_S32(off); \
406 else \
407 PUT_NUM_S64(off); \
408 } \
409 PUT_C(a_chEnd); \
410 } \
411 } while (0)
412
413#define PUT_SYMBOL(a_uSeg, a_uAddr, a_szStart, a_chEnd) \
414 do { \
415 if (pfnGetSymbol) \
416 { \
417 int rcSym = pfnGetSymbol(pDis, a_uSeg, a_uAddr, szSymbol, sizeof(szSymbol), &off, pvUser); \
418 PUT_SYMBOL_TWO(rcSym, a_szStart, a_chEnd); \
419 } \
420 } while (0)
421
422
423 /*
424 * The address?
425 */
426 if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_ADDR_LEFT)
427 {
428#if HC_ARCH_BITS == 64 || GC_ARCH_BITS == 64
429 if (pDis->uInstrAddr >= _4G)
430 PUT_NUM(9, "%08x`", (uint32_t)(pDis->uInstrAddr >> 32));
431#endif
432 PUT_NUM(8, "%08x", (uint32_t)pDis->uInstrAddr);
433 PUT_C(' ');
434 }
435
436 /*
437 * The opcode bytes?
438 */
439 if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_LEFT)
440 {
441 size_t cchTmp = disFormatBytes(pDis, pszDst, cchDst, fFlags);
442 cchOutput += cchTmp;
443 if (cchDst > 1)
444 {
445 if (cchTmp <= cchDst)
446 {
447 cchDst -= cchTmp;
448 pszDst += cchTmp;
449 }
450 else
451 {
452 pszDst += cchDst - 1;
453 cchDst = 1;
454 }
455 }
456
457 /* Some padding to align the instruction. */
458 uint32_t cbWidth = (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_WIDTH_MASK) >> DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_WIDTH_SHIFT;
459 if (!cbWidth)
460 cbWidth = 7;
461 size_t cchPadding = (cbWidth * (2 + !!(fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_SPACED)))
462 + !!(fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_BRACKETS) * 2
463 + 2;
464 cchPadding = cchTmp + 1 >= cchPadding ? 1 : cchPadding - cchTmp;
465 PUT_STR(g_szSpaces, cchPadding);
466 }
467
468
469 /*
470 * Filter out invalid opcodes first as they need special
471 * treatment. UD2 is an exception and should be handled normally.
472 */
473 size_t const offInstruction = cchOutput;
474 if ( pOp->uOpcode == OP_INVALID
475 || ( pOp->uOpcode == OP_ILLUD2
476 && (pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_LOCK)))
477 PUT_SZ("Illegal opcode");
478 else
479 {
480 /*
481 * Prefixes
482 */
483 if (pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_LOCK)
484 PUT_SZ("lock ");
485 if (pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_REP)
486 PUT_SZ("rep ");
487 else if(pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_REPNE)
488 PUT_SZ("repne ");
489
490 /*
491 * Adjust the format string to the correct mnemonic
492 * or to avoid things the assembler cannot handle correctly.
493 */
494 char szTmpFmt[48];
495 const char *pszFmt = pOp->pszOpcode;
496 bool fIgnoresOpSize = false;
497 bool fMayNeedAddrSize = false;
498 switch (pOp->uOpcode)
499 {
500 case OP_JECXZ:
501 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "jcxz %Jb" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "jecxz %Jb" : "jrcxz %Jb";
502 break;
503 case OP_PUSHF:
504 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "pushfw" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "pushfd" : "pushfq";
505 break;
506 case OP_POPF:
507 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "popfw" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "popfd" : "popfq";
508 break;
509 case OP_PUSHA:
510 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "pushaw" : "pushad";
511 break;
512 case OP_POPA:
513 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "popaw" : "popad";
514 break;
515 case OP_INSB:
516 pszFmt = "insb";
517 fIgnoresOpSize = fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
518 break;
519 case OP_INSWD:
520 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "insw" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "insd" : "insq";
521 fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
522 break;
523 case OP_OUTSB:
524 pszFmt = "outsb";
525 fIgnoresOpSize = fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
526 break;
527 case OP_OUTSWD:
528 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "outsw" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "outsd" : "outsq";
529 fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
530 break;
531 case OP_MOVSB:
532 pszFmt = "movsb";
533 fIgnoresOpSize = fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
534 break;
535 case OP_MOVSWD:
536 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "movsw" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "movsd" : "movsq";
537 fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
538 break;
539 case OP_CMPSB:
540 pszFmt = "cmpsb";
541 fIgnoresOpSize = fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
542 break;
543 case OP_CMPWD:
544 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "cmpsw" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "cmpsd" : "cmpsq";
545 fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
546 break;
547 case OP_SCASB:
548 pszFmt = "scasb";
549 fIgnoresOpSize = fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
550 break;
551 case OP_SCASWD:
552 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "scasw" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "scasd" : "scasq";
553 fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
554 break;
555 case OP_LODSB:
556 pszFmt = "lodsb";
557 fIgnoresOpSize = fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
558 break;
559 case OP_LODSWD:
560 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "lodsw" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "lodsd" : "lodsq";
561 fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
562 break;
563 case OP_STOSB:
564 pszFmt = "stosb";
565 fIgnoresOpSize = fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
566 break;
567 case OP_STOSWD:
568 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "stosw" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "stosd" : "stosq";
569 fMayNeedAddrSize = true;
570 break;
571 case OP_CBW:
572 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "cbw" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "cwde" : "cdqe";
573 break;
574 case OP_CWD:
575 pszFmt = pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? "cwd" : pDis->x86.uOpMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT ? "cdq" : "cqo";
576 break;
577 case OP_SHL:
578 Assert(pszFmt[3] == '/');
579 pszFmt += 4;
580 break;
581 case OP_XLAT:
582 pszFmt = "xlatb";
583 break;
584 case OP_INT3:
585 pszFmt = "int3";
586 break;
587
588 /*
589 * Don't know how to tell yasm to generate complicated nop stuff, so 'db' it.
590 */
591 case OP_NOP:
592 if (pDis->x86.bOpCode == 0x90)
593 /* fine, fine */;
594 else if (pszFmt[sizeof("nop %Ev") - 1] == '/' && pszFmt[sizeof("nop %Ev")] == 'p')
595 pszFmt = "prefetch %Eb";
596 else if (pDis->x86.bOpCode == 0x1f)
597 {
598 Assert(pDis->cbInstr >= 3);
599 PUT_SZ("db 00fh, 01fh");
600 for (unsigned off = 2; off < pDis->cbInstr; off++)
601 {
602 PUT_C(',');
603 PUT_C(' ');
604 PUT_NUM_8(pDis->Instr.ab[off]);
605 }
606 pszFmt = "";
607 }
608 break;
609
610 default:
611 /* ST(X) -> stX (floating point) */
612 if (*pszFmt == 'f' && strchr(pszFmt, '('))
613 {
614 char *pszFmtDst = szTmpFmt;
615 char ch;
616 do
617 {
618 ch = *pszFmt++;
619 if (ch == 'S' && pszFmt[0] == 'T' && pszFmt[1] == '(')
620 {
621 *pszFmtDst++ = 's';
622 *pszFmtDst++ = 't';
623 pszFmt += 2;
624 ch = *pszFmt;
625 Assert(pszFmt[1] == ')');
626 pszFmt += 2;
627 *pszFmtDst++ = ch;
628 }
629 else
630 *pszFmtDst++ = ch;
631 } while (ch != '\0');
632 pszFmt = szTmpFmt;
633 }
634 if (strchr("#@&", *pszFmt))
635 {
636 const char *pszDelim = strchr(pszFmt, '/');
637 const char *pszSpace = (pszDelim ? strchr(pszDelim, ' ') : NULL);
638 if (pszDelim != NULL)
639 {
640 char *pszFmtDst = szTmpFmt;
641 if (pszSpace == NULL) pszSpace = strchr(pszDelim, 0);
642 if ( (*pszFmt == '#' && !pDis->x86.bVexWFlag) /** @todo check this*/
643 || (*pszFmt == '@' && !VEXREG_IS256B(pDis->x86.bVexDestReg))
644 || (*pszFmt == '&' && ( DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(pDis->Param1.fUse)
645 || DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(pDis->Param2.fUse)
646 || DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(pDis->Param3.fUse)
647 || DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(pDis->Param4.fUse))))
648 {
649 strncpy(pszFmtDst, pszFmt + 1, pszDelim - pszFmt - 1);
650 pszFmtDst += pszDelim - pszFmt - 1;
651 }
652 else
653 {
654 strncpy(pszFmtDst, pszDelim + 1, pszSpace - pszDelim - 1);
655 pszFmtDst += pszSpace - pszDelim - 1;
656 }
657 strcpy (pszFmtDst, pszSpace);
658 pszFmt = szTmpFmt;
659 }
660 }
661 break;
662
663 /*
664 * Horrible hacks.
665 */
666 case OP_FLD:
667 if (pDis->x86.bOpCode == 0xdb) /* m80fp workaround. */
668 *(int *)&pDis->Param1.x86.fParam &= ~0x1f; /* make it pure OP_PARM_M */
669 break;
670 case OP_LAR: /* hack w -> v, probably not correct. */
671 *(int *)&pDis->Param2.x86.fParam &= ~0x1f;
672 *(int *)&pDis->Param2.x86.fParam |= OP_PARM_v;
673 break;
674 }
675
676 /*
677 * Add operand size and address prefixes for outsb, movsb, etc.
678 */
679 if (pDis->x86.fPrefix & (DISPREFIX_OPSIZE | DISPREFIX_ADDRSIZE))
680 {
681 if (fIgnoresOpSize && (pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_OPSIZE) )
682 {
683 if (pDis->uCpuMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT)
684 PUT_SZ("o32 ");
685 else
686 PUT_SZ("o16 ");
687 }
688 if (fMayNeedAddrSize && (pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_ADDRSIZE) )
689 {
690 if (pDis->uCpuMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT)
691 PUT_SZ("a32 ");
692 else
693 PUT_SZ("a16 ");
694 }
695 }
696
697 /*
698 * Formatting context and associated macros.
699 */
700 PCDISOPPARAM pParam = &pDis->Param1;
701 int iParam = 1;
702
703#define PUT_FAR() \
704 do { \
705 if ( OP_PARM_VSUBTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_p \
706 && pOp->uOpcode != OP_LDS /* table bugs? */ \
707 && pOp->uOpcode != OP_LES \
708 && pOp->uOpcode != OP_LFS \
709 && pOp->uOpcode != OP_LGS \
710 && pOp->uOpcode != OP_LSS ) \
711 PUT_SZ("far "); \
712 } while (0)
713 /** @todo mov ah,ch ends up with a byte 'override'... - check if this wasn't fixed. */
714 /** @todo drop the work/dword/qword override when the src/dst is a register (except for movsx/movzx). */
715#define PUT_SIZE_OVERRIDE() \
716 do { \
717 switch (OP_PARM_VSUBTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam)) \
718 { \
719 case OP_PARM_v: \
720 case OP_PARM_y: \
721 switch (pDis->x86.uOpMode) \
722 { \
723 case DISCPUMODE_16BIT: if (OP_PARM_VSUBTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) != OP_PARM_y) PUT_SZ("word "); break; \
724 case DISCPUMODE_32BIT: \
725 if (pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode != OP_GATHER || pDis->x86.bVexWFlag) { PUT_SZ("dword "); break; } \
726 RT_FALL_THRU(); \
727 case DISCPUMODE_64BIT: PUT_SZ("qword "); break; \
728 default: break; \
729 } \
730 break; \
731 case OP_PARM_b: PUT_SZ("byte "); break; \
732 case OP_PARM_w: \
733 if ( OP_PARM_VTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_W \
734 || OP_PARM_VTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_M) \
735 { \
736 if (VEXREG_IS256B(pDis->x86.bVexDestReg)) PUT_SZ("dword "); \
737 else PUT_SZ("word "); \
738 } \
739 break; \
740 case OP_PARM_d: \
741 if ( OP_PARM_VTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_W \
742 || OP_PARM_VTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_M) \
743 { \
744 if (VEXREG_IS256B(pDis->x86.bVexDestReg)) PUT_SZ("qword "); \
745 else PUT_SZ("dword "); \
746 } \
747 break; \
748 case OP_PARM_q: \
749 if ( OP_PARM_VTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_W \
750 || OP_PARM_VTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_M) \
751 { \
752 if (VEXREG_IS256B(pDis->x86.bVexDestReg)) PUT_SZ("oword "); \
753 else PUT_SZ("qword "); \
754 } \
755 break; \
756 case OP_PARM_ps: \
757 case OP_PARM_pd: \
758 case OP_PARM_x: if (VEXREG_IS256B(pDis->x86.bVexDestReg)) { PUT_SZ("yword "); break; } RT_FALL_THRU(); \
759 case OP_PARM_ss: \
760 case OP_PARM_sd: \
761 case OP_PARM_dq: PUT_SZ("oword "); break; \
762 case OP_PARM_qq: PUT_SZ("yword "); break; \
763 case OP_PARM_p: break; /* see PUT_FAR */ \
764 case OP_PARM_s: if (pParam->fUse & DISUSE_REG_FP) PUT_SZ("tword "); break; /* ?? */ \
765 case OP_PARM_z: break; \
766 case OP_PARM_NONE: \
767 if ( OP_PARM_VTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_M \
768 && ((pParam->fUse & DISUSE_REG_FP) || pOp->uOpcode == OP_FLD)) \
769 PUT_SZ("tword "); \
770 break; \
771 default: break; /*no pointer type specified/necessary*/ \
772 } \
773 } while (0)
774 static const char s_szSegPrefix[6][4] = { "es:", "cs:", "ss:", "ds:", "fs:", "gs:" };
775#define PUT_SEGMENT_OVERRIDE() \
776 do { \
777 if (pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_SEG) \
778 PUT_STR(s_szSegPrefix[pDis->x86.idxSegPrefix], 3); \
779 } while (0)
780
781
782 /*
783 * Segment prefixing for instructions that doesn't do memory access.
784 */
785 if ( (pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_SEG)
786 && !DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(pDis->Param1.fUse)
787 && !DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(pDis->Param2.fUse)
788 && !DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(pDis->Param3.fUse))
789 {
790 PUT_STR(s_szSegPrefix[pDis->x86.idxSegPrefix], 2);
791 PUT_C(' ');
792 }
793
794
795 /*
796 * The formatting loop.
797 */
798 RTINTPTR off;
799 char szSymbol[128];
800 char ch;
801 while ((ch = *pszFmt++) != '\0')
802 {
803 if (ch == '%')
804 {
805 ch = *pszFmt++;
806 switch (ch)
807 {
808 /*
809 * ModRM - Register only / VEX.vvvv.
810 */
811 case 'C': /* Control register (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
812 case 'D': /* Debug register (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
813 case 'G': /* ModRM selects general register (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
814 case 'S': /* ModRM byte selects a segment register (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
815 case 'T': /* ModRM byte selects a test register (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
816 case 'V': /* ModRM byte selects an XMM/SSE register (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
817 case 'P': /* ModRM byte selects MMX register (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
818 case 'H': /* The VEX.vvvv field of the VEX prefix selects a XMM/YMM register. */
819 case 'B': /* The VEX.vvvv field of the VEX prefix selects a general register (ParseVexDest). */
820 case 'L': /* The upper 4 bits of the 8-bit immediate selects a XMM/YMM register. */
821 {
822 pszFmt += RT_C_IS_ALPHA(pszFmt[0]) ? RT_C_IS_ALPHA(pszFmt[1]) ? 2 : 1 : 0;
823 Assert(!(pParam->fUse & (DISUSE_INDEX | DISUSE_SCALE) /* No SIB here... */));
824 Assert(!(pParam->fUse & (DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT8 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT16 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT32 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT64 | DISUSE_RIPDISPLACEMENT32)));
825
826 size_t cchReg;
827 const char *pszReg = disasmFormatYasmBaseReg(pDis, pParam, &cchReg);
828 PUT_STR(pszReg, cchReg);
829 break;
830 }
831
832 /*
833 * ModRM - Register or memory.
834 */
835 case 'E': /* ModRM specifies parameter (ParseModRM / UseModRM / UseSIB). */
836 case 'Q': /* ModRM byte selects MMX register or memory address (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
837 case 'R': /* ModRM byte may only refer to a general register (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
838 case 'W': /* ModRM byte selects an XMM/SSE register or a memory address (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
839 case 'U': /* ModRM byte may only refer to a XMM/SSE register (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
840 case 'M': /* ModRM byte may only refer to memory (ParseModRM / UseModRM). */
841 {
842 pszFmt += RT_C_IS_ALPHA(pszFmt[0]) ? RT_C_IS_ALPHA(pszFmt[1]) ? 2 : 1 : 0;
843
844 PUT_FAR();
845 uint32_t const fUse = pParam->fUse;
846 if (DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(fUse))
847 {
848 /* Work around mov seg,[mem16] and mov [mem16],seg as these always make a 16-bit mem
849 while the register variants deals with 16, 32 & 64 in the normal fashion. */
850 if ( pParam->x86.fParam != OP_PARM_Ev
851 || pOp->uOpcode != OP_MOV
852 || ( pOp->fParam1 != OP_PARM_Sw
853 && pOp->fParam2 != OP_PARM_Sw))
854 PUT_SIZE_OVERRIDE();
855 PUT_C('[');
856 }
857 if ( (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_STRICT)
858 && (fUse & (DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT8 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT16 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT32 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT64 | DISUSE_RIPDISPLACEMENT32)))
859 {
860 if ( (fUse & DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT8)
861 && !pParam->x86.uDisp.i8)
862 PUT_SZ("byte ");
863 else if ( (fUse & DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT16)
864 && (int8_t)pParam->x86.uDisp.i16 == (int16_t)pParam->x86.uDisp.i16)
865 PUT_SZ("word ");
866 else if ( (fUse & DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT32)
867 && (int16_t)pParam->x86.uDisp.i32 == (int32_t)pParam->x86.uDisp.i32) //??
868 PUT_SZ("dword ");
869 else if ( (fUse & DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT64)
870 && (pDis->x86.SIB.Bits.Base != 5 || pDis->x86.ModRM.Bits.Mod != 0)
871 && (int32_t)pParam->x86.uDisp.i64 == (int64_t)pParam->x86.uDisp.i64) //??
872 PUT_SZ("qword ");
873 }
874 if (DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(fUse))
875 PUT_SEGMENT_OVERRIDE();
876
877 bool fBase = (fUse & DISUSE_BASE) /* When exactly is DISUSE_BASE supposed to be set? disasmModRMReg doesn't set it. */
878 || ( (fUse & ( DISUSE_REG_GEN8
879 | DISUSE_REG_GEN16
880 | DISUSE_REG_GEN32
881 | DISUSE_REG_GEN64
882 | DISUSE_REG_FP
883 | DISUSE_REG_MMX
884 | DISUSE_REG_XMM
885 | DISUSE_REG_YMM
886 | DISUSE_REG_CR
887 | DISUSE_REG_DBG
888 | DISUSE_REG_SEG
889 | DISUSE_REG_TEST ))
890 && !DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(fUse));
891 if (fBase)
892 {
893 size_t cchReg;
894 const char *pszReg = disasmFormatYasmBaseReg(pDis, pParam, &cchReg);
895 PUT_STR(pszReg, cchReg);
896 }
897
898 if (fUse & DISUSE_INDEX)
899 {
900 if (fBase)
901 PUT_C('+');
902
903 size_t cchReg;
904 const char *pszReg = disasmFormatYasmIndexReg(pDis, pParam, &cchReg);
905 PUT_STR(pszReg, cchReg);
906
907 if (fUse & DISUSE_SCALE)
908 {
909 PUT_C('*');
910 PUT_C('0' + pParam->x86.uScale);
911 }
912 }
913 else
914 Assert(!(fUse & DISUSE_SCALE));
915
916 int64_t off2 = 0;
917 if (fUse & (DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT8 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT16 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT32 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT64 | DISUSE_RIPDISPLACEMENT32))
918 {
919 if (fUse & DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT8)
920 off2 = pParam->x86.uDisp.i8;
921 else if (fUse & DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT16)
922 off2 = pParam->x86.uDisp.i16;
923 else if (fUse & (DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT32 | DISUSE_RIPDISPLACEMENT32))
924 off2 = pParam->x86.uDisp.i32;
925 else if (fUse & DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT64)
926 off2 = pParam->x86.uDisp.i64;
927 else
928 {
929 AssertFailed();
930 off2 = 0;
931 }
932
933 int64_t off3 = off2;
934 if (fBase || (fUse & (DISUSE_INDEX | DISUSE_RIPDISPLACEMENT32)))
935 {
936 PUT_C(off3 >= 0 ? '+' : '-');
937 if (off3 < 0)
938 off3 = -off3;
939 }
940 if (fUse & DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT8)
941 PUT_NUM_8( off3);
942 else if (fUse & DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT16)
943 PUT_NUM_16(off3);
944 else if (fUse & DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT32)
945 PUT_NUM_32(off3);
946 else if (fUse & DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT64)
947 PUT_NUM_64(off3);
948 else
949 {
950 PUT_NUM_32(off3);
951 PUT_SZ(" wrt rip (");
952 off2 += pDis->uInstrAddr + pDis->cbInstr;
953 PUT_NUM_64(off2);
954 if (pfnGetSymbol)
955 PUT_SYMBOL((pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_SEG)
956 ? DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(pDis->x86.idxSegPrefix)
957 : DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(DISSELREG_DS),
958 pDis->x86.uAddrMode == DISCPUMODE_64BIT
959 ? (uint64_t)off2
960 : pDis->x86.uAddrMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT
961 ? (uint32_t)off2
962 : (uint16_t)off2,
963 " = ",
964 ')');
965 else
966 PUT_C(')');
967 }
968 }
969
970 if (DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(fUse))
971 {
972 if (pfnGetSymbol && !fBase && !(fUse & (DISUSE_INDEX | DISUSE_RIPDISPLACEMENT32)) && off2 != 0)
973 PUT_SYMBOL((pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_SEG)
974 ? DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(pDis->x86.idxSegPrefix)
975 : DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(DISSELREG_DS),
976 pDis->x86.uAddrMode == DISCPUMODE_64BIT
977 ? (uint64_t)off2
978 : pDis->x86.uAddrMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT
979 ? (uint32_t)off2
980 : (uint16_t)off2,
981 " (=",
982 ')');
983 PUT_C(']');
984 }
985 break;
986 }
987
988 case 'F': /* Eflags register (0 - popf/pushf only, avoided in adjustments above). */
989 AssertFailed();
990 break;
991
992 case 'I': /* Immediate data (ParseImmByte, ParseImmByteSX, ParseImmV, ParseImmUshort, ParseImmZ). */
993 Assert(*pszFmt == 'b' || *pszFmt == 'v' || *pszFmt == 'w' || *pszFmt == 'z'); pszFmt++;
994 switch (pParam->fUse & ( DISUSE_IMMEDIATE8 | DISUSE_IMMEDIATE16 | DISUSE_IMMEDIATE32 | DISUSE_IMMEDIATE64
995 | DISUSE_IMMEDIATE16_SX8 | DISUSE_IMMEDIATE32_SX8 | DISUSE_IMMEDIATE64_SX8))
996 {
997 case DISUSE_IMMEDIATE8:
998 if ( (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_STRICT)
999 && ( (pOp->fParam1 >= OP_PARM_REG_GEN8_START && pOp->fParam1 <= OP_PARM_REG_GEN8_END)
1000 || (pOp->fParam2 >= OP_PARM_REG_GEN8_START && pOp->fParam2 <= OP_PARM_REG_GEN8_END))
1001 )
1002 PUT_SZ("strict byte ");
1003 PUT_NUM_8(pParam->uValue);
1004 break;
1005
1006 case DISUSE_IMMEDIATE16:
1007 if ( pDis->uCpuMode != pDis->x86.uOpMode
1008 || ( (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_STRICT)
1009 && ( (int8_t)pParam->uValue == (int16_t)pParam->uValue
1010 || (pOp->fParam1 >= OP_PARM_REG_GEN16_START && pOp->fParam1 <= OP_PARM_REG_GEN16_END)
1011 || (pOp->fParam2 >= OP_PARM_REG_GEN16_START && pOp->fParam2 <= OP_PARM_REG_GEN16_END))
1012 )
1013 )
1014 {
1015 if (OP_PARM_VSUBTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_b)
1016 PUT_SZ_STRICT("strict byte ", "byte ");
1017 else if ( OP_PARM_VSUBTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_v
1018 || OP_PARM_VSUBTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_z)
1019 PUT_SZ_STRICT("strict word ", "word ");
1020 }
1021 PUT_NUM_16(pParam->uValue);
1022 break;
1023
1024 case DISUSE_IMMEDIATE16_SX8:
1025 if ( !(pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_OPSIZE)
1026 || pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode != OP_PUSH)
1027 PUT_SZ_STRICT("strict byte ", "byte ");
1028 else
1029 PUT_SZ("word ");
1030 PUT_NUM_16(pParam->uValue);
1031 break;
1032
1033 case DISUSE_IMMEDIATE32:
1034 if ( pDis->x86.uOpMode != (pDis->uCpuMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT ? DISCPUMODE_16BIT : DISCPUMODE_32BIT) /* not perfect */
1035 || ( (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_STRICT)
1036 && ( (int8_t)pParam->uValue == (int32_t)pParam->uValue
1037 || (pOp->fParam1 >= OP_PARM_REG_GEN32_START && pOp->fParam1 <= OP_PARM_REG_GEN32_END)
1038 || (pOp->fParam2 >= OP_PARM_REG_GEN32_START && pOp->fParam2 <= OP_PARM_REG_GEN32_END))
1039 )
1040 )
1041 {
1042 if (OP_PARM_VSUBTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_b)
1043 PUT_SZ_STRICT("strict byte ", "byte ");
1044 else if ( OP_PARM_VSUBTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_v
1045 || OP_PARM_VSUBTYPE(pParam->x86.fParam) == OP_PARM_z)
1046 PUT_SZ_STRICT("strict dword ", "dword ");
1047 }
1048 PUT_NUM_32(pParam->uValue);
1049 if (pDis->uCpuMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT)
1050 PUT_SYMBOL(DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(DISSELREG_CS), pParam->uValue, " (=", ')');
1051 break;
1052
1053 case DISUSE_IMMEDIATE32_SX8:
1054 if ( !(pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_OPSIZE)
1055 || pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode != OP_PUSH)
1056 PUT_SZ_STRICT("strict byte ", "byte ");
1057 else
1058 PUT_SZ("dword ");
1059 PUT_NUM_32(pParam->uValue);
1060 break;
1061
1062 case DISUSE_IMMEDIATE64_SX8:
1063 if ( !(pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_OPSIZE)
1064 || pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode != OP_PUSH)
1065 PUT_SZ_STRICT("strict byte ", "byte ");
1066 else
1067 PUT_SZ("qword ");
1068 PUT_NUM_64(pParam->uValue);
1069 break;
1070
1071 case DISUSE_IMMEDIATE64:
1072 PUT_NUM_64(pParam->uValue);
1073 break;
1074
1075 default:
1076 AssertFailed();
1077 break;
1078 }
1079 break;
1080
1081 case 'J': /* Relative jump offset (ParseImmBRel + ParseImmVRel). */
1082 {
1083 int32_t offDisplacement;
1084 Assert(iParam == 1);
1085 bool fPrefix = (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_STRICT)
1086 && pOp->uOpcode != OP_CALL
1087 && pOp->uOpcode != OP_LOOP
1088 && pOp->uOpcode != OP_LOOPE
1089 && pOp->uOpcode != OP_LOOPNE
1090 && pOp->uOpcode != OP_JECXZ;
1091 if (pOp->uOpcode == OP_CALL)
1092 fFlags &= ~DIS_FMT_FLAGS_RELATIVE_BRANCH;
1093
1094 if (pParam->fUse & DISUSE_IMMEDIATE8_REL)
1095 {
1096 if (fPrefix)
1097 PUT_SZ("short ");
1098 offDisplacement = (int8_t)pParam->uValue;
1099 Assert(*pszFmt == 'b'); pszFmt++;
1100
1101 if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_RELATIVE_BRANCH)
1102 PUT_NUM_S8(offDisplacement);
1103 }
1104 else if (pParam->fUse & DISUSE_IMMEDIATE16_REL)
1105 {
1106 if (fPrefix)
1107 PUT_SZ("near ");
1108 offDisplacement = (int16_t)pParam->uValue;
1109 Assert(*pszFmt == 'v'); pszFmt++;
1110
1111 if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_RELATIVE_BRANCH)
1112 PUT_NUM_S16(offDisplacement);
1113 }
1114 else
1115 {
1116 if (fPrefix)
1117 PUT_SZ("near ");
1118 offDisplacement = (int32_t)pParam->uValue;
1119 Assert(pParam->fUse & (DISUSE_IMMEDIATE32_REL | DISUSE_IMMEDIATE64_REL));
1120 Assert(*pszFmt == 'v'); pszFmt++;
1121
1122 if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_RELATIVE_BRANCH)
1123 PUT_NUM_S32(offDisplacement);
1124 }
1125 if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_RELATIVE_BRANCH)
1126 PUT_SZ(" (");
1127
1128 RTUINTPTR uTrgAddr = pDis->uInstrAddr + pDis->cbInstr + offDisplacement;
1129 if (pDis->uCpuMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT)
1130 PUT_NUM_16(uTrgAddr);
1131 else if (pDis->uCpuMode == DISCPUMODE_32BIT)
1132 PUT_NUM_32(uTrgAddr);
1133 else
1134 PUT_NUM_64(uTrgAddr);
1135
1136 if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_RELATIVE_BRANCH)
1137 {
1138 PUT_SYMBOL(DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(DISSELREG_CS), uTrgAddr, " = ", ' ');
1139 PUT_C(')');
1140 }
1141 else
1142 PUT_SYMBOL(DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(DISSELREG_CS), uTrgAddr, " (", ')');
1143 break;
1144 }
1145
1146 case 'A': /* Direct (jump/call) address (ParseImmAddr). */
1147 {
1148 Assert(*pszFmt == 'p'); pszFmt++;
1149 PUT_FAR();
1150 PUT_SIZE_OVERRIDE();
1151 PUT_SEGMENT_OVERRIDE();
1152 off = 0;
1153 int rc = VERR_SYMBOL_NOT_FOUND;
1154 switch (pParam->fUse & (DISUSE_IMMEDIATE_ADDR_16_16 | DISUSE_IMMEDIATE_ADDR_16_32 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT64 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT32 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT16))
1155 {
1156 case DISUSE_IMMEDIATE_ADDR_16_16:
1157 PUT_NUM_16(pParam->uValue >> 16);
1158 PUT_C(':');
1159 PUT_NUM_16(pParam->uValue);
1160 if (pfnGetSymbol)
1161 rc = pfnGetSymbol(pDis, DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_VALUE(pParam->uValue >> 16), (uint16_t)pParam->uValue, szSymbol, sizeof(szSymbol), &off, pvUser);
1162 break;
1163 case DISUSE_IMMEDIATE_ADDR_16_32:
1164 PUT_NUM_16(pParam->uValue >> 32);
1165 PUT_C(':');
1166 PUT_NUM_32(pParam->uValue);
1167 if (pfnGetSymbol)
1168 rc = pfnGetSymbol(pDis, DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_VALUE(pParam->uValue >> 16), (uint32_t)pParam->uValue, szSymbol, sizeof(szSymbol), &off, pvUser);
1169 break;
1170 case DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT16:
1171 PUT_NUM_16(pParam->uValue);
1172 if (pfnGetSymbol)
1173 rc = pfnGetSymbol(pDis, DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(DISSELREG_CS), (uint16_t)pParam->uValue, szSymbol, sizeof(szSymbol), &off, pvUser);
1174 break;
1175 case DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT32:
1176 PUT_NUM_32(pParam->uValue);
1177 if (pfnGetSymbol)
1178 rc = pfnGetSymbol(pDis, DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(DISSELREG_CS), (uint32_t)pParam->uValue, szSymbol, sizeof(szSymbol), &off, pvUser);
1179 break;
1180 case DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT64:
1181 PUT_NUM_64(pParam->uValue);
1182 if (pfnGetSymbol)
1183 rc = pfnGetSymbol(pDis, DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(DISSELREG_CS), (uint64_t)pParam->uValue, szSymbol, sizeof(szSymbol), &off, pvUser);
1184 break;
1185 default:
1186 AssertFailed();
1187 break;
1188 }
1189
1190 PUT_SYMBOL_TWO(rc, " [", ']');
1191 break;
1192 }
1193
1194 case 'O': /* No ModRM byte (ParseImmAddr). */
1195 {
1196 Assert(*pszFmt == 'b' || *pszFmt == 'v'); pszFmt++;
1197 PUT_FAR();
1198 PUT_SIZE_OVERRIDE();
1199 PUT_C('[');
1200 PUT_SEGMENT_OVERRIDE();
1201 off = 0;
1202 int rc = VERR_SYMBOL_NOT_FOUND;
1203 switch (pParam->fUse & (DISUSE_IMMEDIATE_ADDR_16_16 | DISUSE_IMMEDIATE_ADDR_16_32 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT64 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT32 | DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT16))
1204 {
1205 case DISUSE_IMMEDIATE_ADDR_16_16:
1206 PUT_NUM_16(pParam->uValue >> 16);
1207 PUT_C(':');
1208 PUT_NUM_16(pParam->uValue);
1209 if (pfnGetSymbol)
1210 rc = pfnGetSymbol(pDis, DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_VALUE(pParam->uValue >> 16), (uint16_t)pParam->uValue, szSymbol, sizeof(szSymbol), &off, pvUser);
1211 break;
1212 case DISUSE_IMMEDIATE_ADDR_16_32:
1213 PUT_NUM_16(pParam->uValue >> 32);
1214 PUT_C(':');
1215 PUT_NUM_32(pParam->uValue);
1216 if (pfnGetSymbol)
1217 rc = pfnGetSymbol(pDis, DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_VALUE(pParam->uValue >> 16), (uint32_t)pParam->uValue, szSymbol, sizeof(szSymbol), &off, pvUser);
1218 break;
1219 case DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT16:
1220 PUT_NUM_16(pParam->x86.uDisp.i16);
1221 if (pfnGetSymbol)
1222 rc = pfnGetSymbol(pDis, DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(DISSELREG_CS), pParam->x86.uDisp.u16, szSymbol, sizeof(szSymbol), &off, pvUser);
1223 break;
1224 case DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT32:
1225 PUT_NUM_32(pParam->x86.uDisp.i32);
1226 if (pfnGetSymbol)
1227 rc = pfnGetSymbol(pDis, DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(DISSELREG_CS), pParam->x86.uDisp.u32, szSymbol, sizeof(szSymbol), &off, pvUser);
1228 break;
1229 case DISUSE_DISPLACEMENT64:
1230 PUT_NUM_64(pParam->x86.uDisp.i64);
1231 if (pfnGetSymbol)
1232 rc = pfnGetSymbol(pDis, DIS_FMT_SEL_FROM_REG(DISSELREG_CS), pParam->x86.uDisp.u64, szSymbol, sizeof(szSymbol), &off, pvUser);
1233 break;
1234 default:
1235 AssertFailed();
1236 break;
1237 }
1238 PUT_C(']');
1239
1240 PUT_SYMBOL_TWO(rc, " (", ')');
1241 break;
1242 }
1243
1244 case 'X': /* DS:SI (ParseXb, ParseXv). */
1245 case 'Y': /* ES:DI (ParseYb, ParseYv). */
1246 {
1247 Assert(*pszFmt == 'b' || *pszFmt == 'v'); pszFmt++;
1248 PUT_FAR();
1249 PUT_SIZE_OVERRIDE();
1250 PUT_C('[');
1251 if (pParam->fUse & DISUSE_POINTER_DS_BASED)
1252 PUT_SZ("ds:");
1253 else
1254 PUT_SZ("es:");
1255
1256 size_t cchReg;
1257 const char *pszReg = disasmFormatYasmBaseReg(pDis, pParam, &cchReg);
1258 PUT_STR(pszReg, cchReg);
1259 PUT_C(']');
1260 break;
1261 }
1262
1263 case 'e': /* Register based on operand size (e.g. %eAX, %eAH) (ParseFixedReg). */
1264 {
1265 Assert(RT_C_IS_ALPHA(pszFmt[0]) && RT_C_IS_ALPHA(pszFmt[1]) && !RT_C_IS_ALPHA(pszFmt[2]));
1266 pszFmt += 2;
1267 size_t cchReg;
1268 const char *pszReg = disasmFormatYasmBaseReg(pDis, pParam, &cchReg);
1269 PUT_STR(pszReg, cchReg);
1270 break;
1271 }
1272
1273 default:
1274 AssertMsgFailed(("%c%s!\n", ch, pszFmt));
1275 break;
1276 }
1277 AssertMsg(*pszFmt == ',' || *pszFmt == '\0', ("%c%s\n", ch, pszFmt));
1278 }
1279 else
1280 {
1281 PUT_C(ch);
1282 if (ch == ',')
1283 {
1284 Assert(*pszFmt != ' ');
1285 PUT_C(' ');
1286 switch (++iParam)
1287 {
1288 case 2: pParam = &pDis->Param2; break;
1289 case 3: pParam = &pDis->Param3; break;
1290 case 4: pParam = &pDis->Param4; break;
1291 default: pParam = NULL; break;
1292 }
1293 }
1294 }
1295 } /* while more to format */
1296 }
1297
1298 /*
1299 * Any additional output to the right of the instruction?
1300 */
1301 if (fFlags & (DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_RIGHT | DIS_FMT_FLAGS_ADDR_RIGHT))
1302 {
1303 /* some up front padding. */
1304 size_t cchPadding = cchOutput - offInstruction;
1305 cchPadding = cchPadding + 1 >= 42 ? 1 : 42 - cchPadding;
1306 PUT_STR(g_szSpaces, cchPadding);
1307
1308 /* comment? */
1309 if (fFlags & (DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_RIGHT | DIS_FMT_FLAGS_ADDR_RIGHT))
1310 PUT_SZ(";");
1311
1312 /*
1313 * The address?
1314 */
1315 if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_ADDR_RIGHT)
1316 {
1317 PUT_C(' ');
1318#if HC_ARCH_BITS == 64 || GC_ARCH_BITS == 64
1319 if (pDis->uInstrAddr >= _4G)
1320 PUT_NUM(9, "%08x`", (uint32_t)(pDis->uInstrAddr >> 32));
1321#endif
1322 PUT_NUM(8, "%08x", (uint32_t)pDis->uInstrAddr);
1323 }
1324
1325 /*
1326 * Opcode bytes?
1327 */
1328 if (fFlags & DIS_FMT_FLAGS_BYTES_RIGHT)
1329 {
1330 PUT_C(' ');
1331 size_t cchTmp = disFormatBytes(pDis, pszDst, cchDst, fFlags);
1332 cchOutput += cchTmp;
1333 if (cchTmp >= cchDst)
1334 cchTmp = cchDst - (cchDst != 0);
1335 cchDst -= cchTmp;
1336 pszDst += cchTmp;
1337 }
1338 }
1339
1340 /*
1341 * Terminate it - on overflow we'll have reserved one byte for this.
1342 */
1343 if (cchDst > 0)
1344 *pszDst = '\0';
1345 else
1346 Assert(!cchBuf);
1347
1348 /* clean up macros */
1349#undef PUT_PSZ
1350#undef PUT_SZ
1351#undef PUT_STR
1352#undef PUT_C
1353 return cchOutput;
1354}
1355
1356
1357/**
1358 * Formats the current instruction in Yasm (/ Nasm) style.
1359 *
1360 * This is a simplified version of DISFormatYasmEx() provided for your convenience.
1361 *
1362 *
1363 * @returns The number of output characters. If this is >= cchBuf, then the content
1364 * of pszBuf will be truncated.
1365 * @param pDis Pointer to the disassembler state.
1366 * @param pszBuf The output buffer.
1367 * @param cchBuf The size of the output buffer.
1368 */
1369DISDECL(size_t) DISFormatYasm(PCDISSTATE pDis, char *pszBuf, size_t cchBuf)
1370{
1371 return DISFormatYasmEx(pDis, pszBuf, cchBuf, 0 /* fFlags */, NULL /* pfnGetSymbol */, NULL /* pvUser */);
1372}
1373
1374
1375/**
1376 * Checks if the encoding of the given disassembled instruction is something we
1377 * can never get YASM to produce.
1378 *
1379 * @returns true if it's odd, false if it isn't.
1380 * @param pDis The disassembler output. The byte fetcher callback will
1381 * be used if present as we might need to fetch opcode
1382 * bytes.
1383 */
1384DISDECL(bool) DISFormatYasmIsOddEncoding(PDISSTATE pDis)
1385{
1386 /*
1387 * Mod rm + SIB: Check for duplicate EBP encodings that yasm won't use for very good reasons.
1388 */
1389 if ( pDis->x86.uAddrMode != DISCPUMODE_16BIT /// @todo correct?
1390 && pDis->x86.ModRM.Bits.Rm == 4
1391 && pDis->x86.ModRM.Bits.Mod != 3)
1392 {
1393 /* No scaled index SIB (index=4), except for ESP. */
1394 if ( pDis->x86.SIB.Bits.Index == 4
1395 && pDis->x86.SIB.Bits.Base != 4)
1396 return true;
1397
1398 /* EBP + displacement */
1399 if ( pDis->x86.ModRM.Bits.Mod != 0
1400 && pDis->x86.SIB.Bits.Base == 5
1401 && pDis->x86.SIB.Bits.Scale == 0)
1402 return true;
1403 }
1404
1405 /*
1406 * Seems to be an instruction alias here, but I cannot find any docs on it... hrmpf!
1407 */
1408 if ( pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode == OP_SHL
1409 && pDis->x86.ModRM.Bits.Reg == 6)
1410 return true;
1411
1412 /*
1413 * Check for multiple prefixes of the same kind.
1414 */
1415 uint8_t off1stSeg = UINT8_MAX;
1416 uint8_t offOpSize = UINT8_MAX;
1417 uint8_t offAddrSize = UINT8_MAX;
1418 uint32_t fPrefixes = 0;
1419 for (uint32_t offOpcode = 0; offOpcode < RT_ELEMENTS(pDis->Instr.ab); offOpcode++)
1420 {
1421 uint32_t f;
1422 switch (pDis->Instr.ab[offOpcode])
1423 {
1424 case 0xf0:
1425 f = DISPREFIX_LOCK;
1426 break;
1427
1428 case 0xf2:
1429 case 0xf3:
1430 f = DISPREFIX_REP; /* yes, both */
1431 break;
1432
1433 case 0x2e:
1434 case 0x3e:
1435 case 0x26:
1436 case 0x36:
1437 case 0x64:
1438 case 0x65:
1439 if (off1stSeg == UINT8_MAX)
1440 off1stSeg = offOpcode;
1441 f = DISPREFIX_SEG;
1442 break;
1443
1444 case 0x66:
1445 if (offOpSize == UINT8_MAX)
1446 offOpSize = offOpcode;
1447 f = DISPREFIX_OPSIZE;
1448 break;
1449
1450 case 0x67:
1451 if (offAddrSize == UINT8_MAX)
1452 offAddrSize = offOpcode;
1453 f = DISPREFIX_ADDRSIZE;
1454 break;
1455
1456 case 0x40: case 0x41: case 0x42: case 0x43: case 0x44: case 0x45: case 0x46: case 0x47:
1457 case 0x48: case 0x49: case 0x4a: case 0x4b: case 0x4c: case 0x4d: case 0x4e: case 0x4f:
1458 f = pDis->uCpuMode == DISCPUMODE_64BIT ? DISPREFIX_REX : 0;
1459 break;
1460
1461 default:
1462 f = 0;
1463 break;
1464 }
1465 if (!f)
1466 break; /* done */
1467 if (fPrefixes & f)
1468 return true;
1469 fPrefixes |= f;
1470 }
1471
1472 /* segment overrides are fun */
1473 if (fPrefixes & DISPREFIX_SEG)
1474 {
1475 /* no effective address which it may apply to. */
1476 Assert((pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_SEG) || pDis->uCpuMode == DISCPUMODE_64BIT);
1477 if ( !DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(pDis->Param1.fUse)
1478 && !DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(pDis->Param2.fUse)
1479 && !DISUSE_IS_EFFECTIVE_ADDR(pDis->Param3.fUse))
1480 return true;
1481
1482 /* Yasm puts the segment prefixes before the operand prefix with no
1483 way of overriding it. */
1484 if (offOpSize < off1stSeg)
1485 return true;
1486 }
1487
1488 /* fixed register + addr override doesn't go down all that well. */
1489 if (fPrefixes & DISPREFIX_ADDRSIZE)
1490 {
1491 Assert(pDis->x86.fPrefix & DISPREFIX_ADDRSIZE);
1492 if ( pDis->pCurInstr->fParam3 == OP_PARM_NONE
1493 && pDis->pCurInstr->fParam2 == OP_PARM_NONE
1494 && ( pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 >= OP_PARM_REG_GEN32_START
1495 && pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 <= OP_PARM_REG_GEN32_END))
1496 return true;
1497 }
1498
1499 /* Almost all prefixes are bad for jumps. */
1500 if (fPrefixes)
1501 {
1502 switch (pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode)
1503 {
1504 /* nop w/ prefix(es). */
1505 case OP_NOP:
1506 return true;
1507
1508 case OP_JMP:
1509 if ( pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 != OP_PARM_Jb
1510 && pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 != OP_PARM_Jv)
1511 break;
1512 RT_FALL_THRU();
1513 case OP_JO:
1514 case OP_JNO:
1515 case OP_JC:
1516 case OP_JNC:
1517 case OP_JE:
1518 case OP_JNE:
1519 case OP_JBE:
1520 case OP_JNBE:
1521 case OP_JS:
1522 case OP_JNS:
1523 case OP_JP:
1524 case OP_JNP:
1525 case OP_JL:
1526 case OP_JNL:
1527 case OP_JLE:
1528 case OP_JNLE:
1529 /** @todo branch hinting 0x2e/0x3e... */
1530 return true;
1531 }
1532
1533 }
1534
1535 /* All but the segment prefix is bad news for push/pop. */
1536 if (fPrefixes & ~DISPREFIX_SEG)
1537 {
1538 switch (pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode)
1539 {
1540 case OP_POP:
1541 case OP_PUSH:
1542 if ( pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 >= OP_PARM_REG_SEG_START
1543 && pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 <= OP_PARM_REG_SEG_END)
1544 return true;
1545 if ( (fPrefixes & ~DISPREFIX_OPSIZE)
1546 && pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 >= OP_PARM_REG_GEN32_START
1547 && pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 <= OP_PARM_REG_GEN32_END)
1548 return true;
1549 break;
1550
1551 case OP_POPA:
1552 case OP_POPF:
1553 case OP_PUSHA:
1554 case OP_PUSHF:
1555 if (fPrefixes & ~DISPREFIX_OPSIZE)
1556 return true;
1557 break;
1558 }
1559 }
1560
1561 /* Implicit 8-bit register instructions doesn't mix with operand size. */
1562 if ( (fPrefixes & DISPREFIX_OPSIZE)
1563 && ( ( pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 == OP_PARM_Gb /* r8 */
1564 && pDis->pCurInstr->fParam2 == OP_PARM_Eb /* r8/mem8 */)
1565 || ( pDis->pCurInstr->fParam2 == OP_PARM_Gb /* r8 */
1566 && pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 == OP_PARM_Eb /* r8/mem8 */))
1567 )
1568 {
1569 switch (pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode)
1570 {
1571 case OP_ADD:
1572 case OP_OR:
1573 case OP_ADC:
1574 case OP_SBB:
1575 case OP_AND:
1576 case OP_SUB:
1577 case OP_XOR:
1578 case OP_CMP:
1579 return true;
1580 default:
1581 break;
1582 }
1583 }
1584
1585 /* Instructions taking no address or operand which thus may be annoyingly
1586 difficult to format for yasm. */
1587 if (fPrefixes)
1588 {
1589 switch (pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode)
1590 {
1591 case OP_STI:
1592 case OP_STC:
1593 case OP_CLI:
1594 case OP_CLD:
1595 case OP_CLC:
1596 case OP_INT:
1597 case OP_INT3:
1598 case OP_INTO:
1599 case OP_HLT:
1600 /** @todo Many more to can be added here. */
1601 return true;
1602 default:
1603 break;
1604 }
1605 }
1606
1607 /* FPU and other instructions that ignores operand size override. */
1608 if (fPrefixes & DISPREFIX_OPSIZE)
1609 {
1610 switch (pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode)
1611 {
1612 /* FPU: */
1613 case OP_FIADD:
1614 case OP_FIMUL:
1615 case OP_FISUB:
1616 case OP_FISUBR:
1617 case OP_FIDIV:
1618 case OP_FIDIVR:
1619 /** @todo there are many more. */
1620 return true;
1621
1622 case OP_MOV:
1623 /** @todo could be that we're not disassembling these correctly. */
1624 if (pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 == OP_PARM_Sw)
1625 return true;
1626 /** @todo what about the other way? */
1627 break;
1628
1629 default:
1630 break;
1631 }
1632 }
1633
1634
1635 /*
1636 * Check for the version of xyz reg,reg instruction that the assembler doesn't use.
1637 *
1638 * For example:
1639 * expected: 1aee sbb ch, dh ; SBB r8, r/m8
1640 * yasm: 18F5 sbb ch, dh ; SBB r/m8, r8
1641 */
1642 if (pDis->x86.ModRM.Bits.Mod == 3 /* reg,reg */)
1643 {
1644 switch (pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode)
1645 {
1646 case OP_ADD:
1647 case OP_OR:
1648 case OP_ADC:
1649 case OP_SBB:
1650 case OP_AND:
1651 case OP_SUB:
1652 case OP_XOR:
1653 case OP_CMP:
1654 if ( ( pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 == OP_PARM_Gb /* r8 */
1655 && pDis->pCurInstr->fParam2 == OP_PARM_Eb /* r8/mem8 */)
1656 || ( pDis->pCurInstr->fParam1 == OP_PARM_Gv /* rX */
1657 && pDis->pCurInstr->fParam2 == OP_PARM_Ev /* rX/memX */))
1658 return true;
1659
1660 /* 82 (see table A-6). */
1661 if (pDis->x86.bOpCode == 0x82)
1662 return true;
1663 break;
1664
1665 /* ff /0, fe /0, ff /1, fe /0 */
1666 case OP_DEC:
1667 case OP_INC:
1668 return true;
1669
1670 case OP_POP:
1671 case OP_PUSH:
1672 Assert(pDis->x86.bOpCode == 0x8f);
1673 return true;
1674
1675 case OP_MOV:
1676 if ( pDis->x86.bOpCode == 0x8a
1677 || pDis->x86.bOpCode == 0x8b)
1678 return true;
1679 break;
1680
1681 default:
1682 break;
1683 }
1684 }
1685
1686 /* shl eax,1 will be assembled to the form without the immediate byte. */
1687 if ( pDis->pCurInstr->fParam2 == OP_PARM_Ib
1688 && (uint8_t)pDis->Param2.uValue == 1)
1689 {
1690 switch (pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode)
1691 {
1692 case OP_SHL:
1693 case OP_SHR:
1694 case OP_SAR:
1695 case OP_RCL:
1696 case OP_RCR:
1697 case OP_ROL:
1698 case OP_ROR:
1699 return true;
1700 }
1701 }
1702
1703 /* And some more - see table A-6. */
1704 if (pDis->x86.bOpCode == 0x82)
1705 {
1706 switch (pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode)
1707 {
1708 case OP_ADD:
1709 case OP_OR:
1710 case OP_ADC:
1711 case OP_SBB:
1712 case OP_AND:
1713 case OP_SUB:
1714 case OP_XOR:
1715 case OP_CMP:
1716 return true;
1717 break;
1718 }
1719 }
1720
1721
1722 /* check for REX.X = 1 without SIB. */
1723
1724 /* Yasm encodes setnbe al with /2 instead of /0 like the AMD manual
1725 says (intel doesn't appear to care). */
1726 switch (pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode)
1727 {
1728 case OP_SETO:
1729 case OP_SETNO:
1730 case OP_SETC:
1731 case OP_SETNC:
1732 case OP_SETE:
1733 case OP_SETNE:
1734 case OP_SETBE:
1735 case OP_SETNBE:
1736 case OP_SETS:
1737 case OP_SETNS:
1738 case OP_SETP:
1739 case OP_SETNP:
1740 case OP_SETL:
1741 case OP_SETNL:
1742 case OP_SETLE:
1743 case OP_SETNLE:
1744 AssertMsg(pDis->x86.bOpCode >= 0x90 && pDis->x86.bOpCode <= 0x9f, ("%#x\n", pDis->x86.bOpCode));
1745 if (pDis->x86.ModRM.Bits.Reg != 2)
1746 return true;
1747 break;
1748 }
1749
1750 /*
1751 * The MOVZX reg32,mem16 instruction without an operand size prefix
1752 * doesn't quite make sense...
1753 */
1754 if ( pDis->pCurInstr->uOpcode == OP_MOVZX
1755 && pDis->x86.bOpCode == 0xB7
1756 && (pDis->uCpuMode == DISCPUMODE_16BIT) != !!(fPrefixes & DISPREFIX_OPSIZE))
1757 return true;
1758
1759 /*
1760 * YASM doesn't do ICEBP/INT1/INT01, unlike NASM.
1761 */
1762 if (pDis->x86.bOpCode == 0xF1)
1763 return true;
1764
1765 return false;
1766}
1767
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